Nathan Schneider


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21 Days – Day 21

Romans 5:21, “So that just as sin reigned in death, so also grace might reign through righteousness into everlasting life through Jesus Christ our Lord.”

Now, to put it all together: Romans 5:1-21,

Therefore, having been declared righteous by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord, Jesus Christ, through whom we also have the right to enter by faith into this grace in which we stand and we praise in hope of the glory of God. Not only so, but we also praise in suffering, knowing that suffering produces perseverance; and perseverance, character; and character, hope. Now, hope does not disappoint, for the love of God has been poured out in our hearts through the Holy Spirit, who has been given to us.

“For, while we were still helpless, at the right time, Christ died for the ungodly. For hardly will someone die for a righteous man, though possibly for the good man one would dare even to die, but God demonstrates His love toward us, that in our still being sinners Christ died for us. Much more then, having now been justified by His blood we will be saved through Him from judgment. For if we being enemies were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled, we will be saved by his life. Not only this, but we also glory in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we now have reconciliation.

“Just as through one man sin entered into the world and through sin, death, and thus death passed to all men, because all sinned. For until the law sin was in the world, but sin is not imputed when there is no law. But death reigned from Adam until Moses even on those who did not sin in the likeness of Adam’s transgression, who is a type of the coming one.

“But the transgression is not like the divine gift. For if by the offense of one many died, much more by the grace of God and the gift in grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, more abounded. Also, the gift is not like what came through the one who sinned. For judgment out of one transgression brought condemnation, but the divine gift out of many transgressions brought justification. For if by the one’s sin, death reigned through the one, much more will the ones who receive the abundance of grace and the gift of righteousness reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ. Therefore as through one sin condemnation came to all men, thus through one righteous act also came life’s justification to all men. For just as through the one man’s disobedience many were declared sinners, so through the One’s obedience many will be declared righteous. Moreover the law came in order that the trespass would abound, but where sin abounded grace abounded more, so that just as sin reigned in death, so also grace might reign through righteousness into everlasting life through Jesus Christ our Lord”

So, there it is. I have finished translating Romans 5. What stands out to me is the continual contrast between Christ’s righteousness and the world’s sin. The divine gift is better, much better, and we should do nothing but praise and hope and persevere. I am thankful for the gift of salvation and especially with knowing that Christ died for all men while all men were rebellion. If you’re not a believer, read Romans 5 and recognize Jesus’ love for you and the free gift He offers through His sacrifice. If you’re already a believer, go tell someone about the love of Jesus!

The 21-Day Challenge is over, but I feel like I’ve been stretched in some very helpful ways, from physical fitness to spiritual growth. I translated a verse out of Romans every morning and this definitely helped in my continual understanding in Greek. I look forward to whatever I translate next.


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21 Days – Day 20

Romans 5:20, “Moreover the law came in order that the trespass would abound, but where sin abounded grace abounded more.”

Sin abounds, but grace abounds MORE! The verb translated “abounded more” in terms of grace is different from the verb used to describe the abounding nature of sin. In fact, this verb, used to describe the abounding of grace, is meant to convey the exceeding nature of God’s favor, literally grace OVERFLOWS. God’s mercy and grace towards those who believe is beyond comprehension. God loves us, not because we have done anything to deserve His love, but because He chooses to initiate a reconciliation between us. This is remarkable and can only be described as grace (unmerited favor) overflowing!


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21 Days – Day 19

Romans 5:19, “For just as through the one man’s disobedience many were declared sinners, so through the One’s obedience many will be declared righteous.”

At this point I would like to be translating more than one verse at a time because of Paul’s obvious repetition of the argument. It will be great in the end to put this passage together and see what it looks like. One commentator notes the similarity and yet difference in some of the language:

The same statement is made in different words: Here Adam’s trespass is called “disobedience,” and it resulted in all people becoming sinners and thus unacceptable to God. The word trespass (v. 15-18) describes the specific act of Adam’s sin, while disobedience describes its intent. The original temptation downplayed the importance of the act (Gen. 3:1-7) and focused attention on the desired ends: “You will be like God” (Gen. 3:5 NIV).

The same contrast is made with Christ’s act of righteousness. Instead of being refered to as a righteous act, Christ salvific work is refered to as “obedience.” Our intent is always just as important as the actual behavior we exhibit. Christ’s intent was obedience, “He humbled Himself by becoming obedient to the point of the death – even to death on a cross.” What are you intentions?


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21 Days – Day 18

Romans 5:18, “Therefore as through one sin condemnation came to all men, thus through one righteous act also came life’s justification to all men.”

This is basically a summary statement of the last few verses.

Adam’s sin = death and condemnation to all men.

Jesus’ righteous act (on the cross) = life and justification for all men.

I was having a discussion with my brother a couple of nights ago and we were discussing everything going on around us. It seems like every thing on the news is another depressing story of death, murder, robbery, sex scandal, natural disaster, disease outbreak, etc. It doesn’t take long to figure out that something’s wrong in this world. This is the result of Adam’s sin. Through his sin, death and condemnation reigned in the world, including the lives of all men (people) because we’ve all sinned in the likeness of Adam. This is the bad news and it’s BAD news!

However, as Paul has written in this passage, there’s good news (the gospel) and the good news is better in every way than the bad news. Jesus’ righteous act was that He took death upon Himself and died for the sins of the world and not remaining dead, He was raised from the dead, giving us the hope of new life. This is GREAT news! I think this is why Paul has harped on this point for so long, because there is no better news. In fact, all other news should be evaluated through the lens of the cross.

We are so tempted to please God with our righteous acts, but there is only one righteous act that matters and that’s Jesus’ act of dying in our place and being raised to new life. Before God, this is our only hope. It doesn’t matter what we offer God when we stand before Him, the only thing that matters is whether or not He sees Jesus when He looks our way.


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21 Days – Day 17

I can’t believe it’s already day 17. This has been an extremely beneficial exercise and I’m looking forward to keeping with this habit as the 21 days expire.

Romans 5:17, “For if by the one’s sin, death reigned through the one, much more will the one’s who receive the abundance of grace and the gift of righteousness reign in life through the One, Jesus Christ.

Once again, the contrast between death and life continues in verse 17. It will be interesting at the end of this chapter to do a full comparison between the two. It’s clear that there is a sharp difference between the curse and the gift of grace. Paul has actually used the phrase πολλῷ μᾶλλον (“much more”) four times in this passage. Clearly, he’s showing the greater magnitude at which grace reigns over curse, life over death, for those who have received the free offer of grace. There is hope in this world that seems to be falling apart with every story that hits the news. This hope is found only in the “One”, Jesus Christ.


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21 Days – Day 16

Romans 5:16, “Also, the gift is not like what came through the one who sinned. For judgment out of one transgression brought condemnation, but the divine gift out of many transgressions brought justification.”

The comparison between the condemnation which resulted from Adam’s sin and the divine gift continue in verse 16. Paul continues to show the distinction by pointing out that Adam’s sin was one, but the results were devastating. However, sin multiplied and even though sin abounded much more since all sinned and continued to sin, the grace of God is able to bring about justification. Again, the gift is superior to the curse.


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21 Days – Day 15

Romans 5:15, “But the transgression is not like the divine gift. For if by the offense of one many died, much more by the grace of God and the gift in grace of the one man, Jesus Christ, more abounded.”

Oh, how thankful we are for the uniqueness of the gift! The sin of Adam brought death to all men because all have sinned, but the divine gift is greater because the Giver is greatest. Paul uses a number of words to show the greatness of the gift in this passage. In fact the words for divine gift, grace, gift, and grace are all different in the Greek. This is much more than a simple gift. It’s a reversing of the curse of Adam, a conquering over sin and death, and an overflowing of divine power which results in ultimate triumph.

Rejoice in your salvation! Remember that with regards to the work of Christ over sin and death, “It is finished!”